a black widow spider outside of a christiansburg virginia home

What types of spiders are most common in Virginia?

Spiders are arachnids with 8 legs and are closely related to mites, ticks, and scorpions. Spiders are beneficial predators that feed on nuisance insects but they can become a huge nuisance in yards and inside homes and outbuildings. In Virginia, four of the most common species of spiders are black widow spiders, American house spiders, brown recluse spiders, and wolf spiders.

 

black widow spinning a web

Black Widow Spiders

Black widow spiders have a unique orangish-red “hourglass” mark on the underside of their abdomen. They may also have light red or white markings on their abdomen and back. Their round body is shiny black in color. Adults grow to between 1 ½ and 1 ⅜  inches in length.

 

brown recluse on the ground

Brown Recluse Spiders

Brown recluse spiders range in color from yellowish-gray to dark black and their abdomen is covered in gray hairs. Their long legs are darker in color and they have a distinctive “violin-like” pattern on their back. They also have 3 pairs of eyes arranged in a semicircle.

common house spider hanging from a web

American House Spiders

American house spiders are the most common species of spider found inside homes and other structures. These spiders range in size from 3/16th to 5/16th of an inch in length. Their color can vary greatly but typically are yellowish-brown with distinctive dark markings that meet at an angle and create a chevron-like pattern.

 

a wolf spider crawls on a brick wall

Wolf Spiders

As their name suggests, wolf spiders do not catch prey with webs. They chase down their prey. Wolf spiders are dark brown in color with pale or yellowish markings. Their robust body and powerful legs are covered in hair.

Are spiders dangerous?

Spiders have the potential to be dangerous. However, most spiders are not dangerous. Wolf spiders and American house spiders are examples of nuisance spiders.

Black widow spiders and brown recluse spiders are examples of dangerous spiders. Their venom is strong enough to trigger health problems in people. If bitten by a black widow or brown recluse spider, medical treatment should be sought.

Where do spiders nest?

Outdoors spiders nest in a variety of locations. They create webs in gardens, rock piles, in shrubs or bushes, underneath debris, or in outbuildings (garages, sheds, barns, etc.). Some species, such as the wolf spider, burrow in the ground instead of creating a web. Inside, spiders like to hide in dark, secluded areas.

Why do I have a spider problem?

Spiders are attracted to properties that offer food, water, and shelter. Things like clogged rain gutters, bird baths, gardens, dense vegetation, and tall grasses can attract spiders (and a variety of insects which are spiders' main food sources).

How do I get rid of spiders?

Controlling spiders can be difficult because can gain access into homes in many different ways. The easiest way to control spiders in and around your home is to contact the spider control professionals at AllPest Control & Solutions. Our seasonal, proactive home pest control plans protect homes and families from spiders and other household invading pests. Serving Salem and the New River Valley areas, our professionals inspect properties, develop a plan of action, then implement the plan! The end result = 100% satisfaction guaranteed spider control for your property.

Does AllPest Control & Solutions have spider prevention tips?

Preventing spiders on your property and in your home can be difficult, but there are a few things you can do to help deter these household-invading pests.

  • Caulk cracks and crevices in the foundation and exterior walls.
  • Place weather stripping around exterior windows and doors.
  • Make sure window screens are intact.
  • Trim tree limbs away from the exterior of your home.
  • Remove excess piles of debris such as woodpiles, rock piles, leaf piles, and grass piles from your property.
  • Maintain your lawn and keep the grass cut short.
  • Limit sources of water.  
 
 

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